Medicinal plants have been of great importance to health care needs of individuals
and their communities. The use of herbal preparations made from medicinal plants
is widespread in developing countries. About 65% of the world populations have access
to local medicinal plant knowledge system.
India is sitting on a gold mine of well recorded and traditionally well – practiced
knowledge of herbal medicine. India has an officially recorded list of 45,000 plant
species and estimation put the list of 7,500 species of medicinal plants growing
in its 16 agroclimatic zone under 63.7 million hectares of forest coverage. With
an ever increasing global inclination towards herbal medicine, there is an obligatory
demand for a huge raw material of medicinal plant. Medicinal herbs are moving from
fringe to mainstream use with greater number of people seeking remedies and health
approaches free from side effects caused by synthetic chemicals.